Protodynastic female statuette, Dyn. 0

Protodynastic female statuette, Dyn. 0
Period:Egypt, Predynastic Period, Dynasty 00, Dynasty 0
Dating:3300 BC–3200 BC
Origin:Egypt, Upper Egypt, Naqada [Pre Dynastic and Early Royal Tomb]
Material:Wood (undetermined)
Physical:12cm. (4.7 in.) - 19 g. (.7 oz.)

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  This simple, yet elegant wooden female statuette dates back to the protodynastic, or possibly the early dynastic period. Her arms, which were originally attached with dowels, are now missing. Her legs are broken off above the knees, as is often the case for unknown reasons with this type of statuette. The hole in the pubic area is not original, but rather the result of a preposterous modern display mount.

“From at least the Badarian period onwards, figurines of women made of clay, wood, ivory or stone, were included among funerary equipment. These were often highly stylized and generally emphasized one or more of the sexual characteristics. The interpretation of the various different types of ‘fertility figurines’ has proved extremely difficult… It is now believed by most Egyptologists that the function of such female figurines within the tomb was to reinforce or symbolize the sexual aspects of regeneration and rebirth” (Shaw and Nicholson 1995:265-266).

“Pl. XLII Cairo 225 in Vandier (1958:Pl.XLII,8,225). Very similar, but in this specimen, the ears are not covered by the headdress. The shape of the headdress, pelvis, and thighs also differ.

“Statuette of a woman or goddess, Abydos, end of the pre-thinite period. Munich museum— Munich” (Durand, 1990:96#428). Similarities include: the shape of the face and of the eyebrows, the large mouth and thick lips, the straight bang over the eyebrows and the hair falling along the face down to the chest.

Bibliography (for this item)

Durand, Agnès
1990 Ces Millenaires que l’on dit obscurs. In l’Egypte des Millenaires Obscurs. p. 15-18. Hatier et Musées Nationaux, Paris, France. (15-18)

Khalil, Hassan M.
1976 Preliminary Studies on the Sanusret Collection. Manuscript, Musée l’Egypte et le Monde Antique, Monaco-Ville, Monaco. ((I) 203)

Shaw, Ian, and Paul Nicholson
1995 The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. British Museum Press, London, United Kingdom. (265-266)

Vandier, J
1958 Manuel d’Archeologie Egyptienne. Tome III: Les grandes époques—la statuaire. A. et J. Picard, Paris, France. (Pl.XLII Caire 225)

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